Chlorella labeling at food (supplements)

Chlorella labeling

In Europe, consumption of algae products is becoming more and more familiar. This also results in a growing number of products containing Chlorella for which labeling is relevant. The number of sustainable applications is increasing, new algae species are being discovered and algae with special characteristics are being cultured. Specific algae have a history of safe consumption and substantial potential to contribute to a balanced and healthy diet. Duplaco®️ Chlorella pyrenoidosa is an example of such algae, which is listed in the Novel Food Catalogue as not being a novel food. But how to declare this algae when using it as a food ingredient or supplement?

Chlorella labeling food ingredients

If you’d like to use Chlorella as an ingredient for your product within the EU, you’ll need to adhere to Regulation (EU) nr. 1169/2011. In Article 18, the following of interest for this product is stated

  1. “Ingredients shall be designated by their specific name, where applicable, in accordance with the rules laid down in Article 17 and in Annex VI.”
    Article 17 contains the following of interest for this product
  2. “The name of the food shall be its legal name. In the absence of such a name, the name of the food shall be its customary name, or, if there is no customary name or the customary name is not used, a descriptive name of the food shall be provided.”
  3. “The use in the Member State of marketing of the name of the food under which the product is legally manufactured and marketed in the Member State of production shall be allowed. However, where the application of the other provisions of this Regulation, in particular those set out in Article 9, would not enable consumers in the Member State of marketing to know the true nature of the food and to distinguish it from foods with which they could confuse it, the name of the food shall be accompanied by other descriptive information which shall appear in proximity to the name of the food.”
    Annex VI, part A, contains the following of interest for this product
  4. “The name of the food shall include or be accompanied by particulars as to the physical condition of the food or the specific treatment which it has undergone (for example, powdered, refrozen, freeze-dried, quick-frozen, concentrated, smoked) in all cases where omission of such information could mislead the purchaser.”

Taking into account the information above from Regulation (EU) nr. 1169/2011, there are multiple options for the declaration of Duplaco®️ Chlorella as an ingredient. Listed below are some options, of which we believe they are formulated as accurately as possible.

● Dried algae (Chlorella pyrenoidosa)*
● Chlorella powder (C. pyrenoidosa)*

Chlorella labeling food supplements

DIRECTIVE 2002/46/EC on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to food supplements, contains the following information:

“General labeling provisions and definitions are contained in Directive 2000/13/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 March 2000 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the labeling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs (1 ), and do not need to be repeated. This Directive should therefore be confined to the necessary additional provisions.”

“Council Directive 90/496/EEC of 24 September 1990 on nutrition labeling for foodstuffs (2 ) does not apply to food supplements. Information relating to nutrient content in food supplements is essential for allowing the consumer who purchases them to make an informed choice and use them properly and safely. That information should, in view of the nature of those products, be confined to the nutrients actually present and be compulsory.”

Article 6

  1. “Without prejudice to Directive 2000/13/EC, the labelling shall bear the following particulars:
    a) the names of the categories of nutrients or substances that characterise the product or an indication of the nature of those nutrients or substances;
    b) the portion of the product recommended for daily consumption;
    c) a warning not to exceed the stated recommended daily dose;
    d) a statement to the effect that food supplements should not be used as a substitute for a varied diet;
    e) a statement to the effect that the products should be stored out of the reach of young children”

More information about food supplements to be found at: https://foodsupplementseurope.org/

According to Article 6, part 3a, we presume that Duplaco®️ Chlorella in supplements is most adequately declared on the label as follows: Chlorella Pyrenoidosa*

The following characteristics could be added to the declaration:
● Powder/ dried algae
● Cultivated in the Netherlands
● Non GMO

*) Please note: this has not been verified by a jurist.

tabletten - sustainable algae production
Chlorella food supplements